Persian Gulf Crisis Over Qatar, Which Has Just 300,000 Citizens, Explained
The Arab states of the Persian Gulf are aware of an unprecedented regional crisis. Earlier in the morning, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt have issued coordinated declarations, which herald a diplomatic break with the tiny peninsular nation of Qatar. Air, sea and land links are cut off and Qatar officials and nationals stationed in their country are ordered to return home.
Qatar, with just over 300,000 citizens, has played a unique role on the world stage because of its wealth of oil and natural gas. Global oil prices have fluctuated on Monday as both sides stuck their heels. Already, panic in a Saudi blockading Qatar’s only land border saw shelves of supermarkets in Doha cleaned up by the frightened residents.
The movement is a reflection of the frustrations of many years with Qataris, who claim that the Saudis and Emirates support terrorist groups that are too friendly with Iran, their regional archevalite. A complicated and uncertain state of affairs is played with the main issues – Qatar, after all, home to a crucial base for the United States Central Command. This is our attempt for a brief introduction on what you need to know.
What does the conflict do?
For years, the authorities in Riyadh and Abu Dhabi have been angered by what they see as foreign policy as a Qatari activist. Unlike neighboring Bahrain, for example, which has greatly influenced the line of Arabia, Qatar has diverged from other members of the Gulf Cooperation Council, a block of six Arab monarchies, and used their huge coffers to project their Own influence as a whole.
After the political turmoil of the Arab Spring, for example, Qatar is aligned with Islamist political parties like the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, believing the right to support the movement with genuine popular support. Much of the anger of its neighbors, the Qatar-funded information network, Al Jazeera, also seemed to have the cause of these groups, often defending democracy and dissent in an area regulated by secular autocrats or Members of the inexplicable royalty. And Qatar were some of the most active supporters of Islamist fighters in riots in Syria and Libya.
Now Qatari critics say it has failed to maintain its support for some Islamic militant groups – including Hamas and the main al Qaeda-linked organization in Syria. Qataris have also been accused of supporting Houthi rebels in Yemen, a startling claim given that Qatar, until yesterday, was part of the Saudi fighting coalition, which are slightly backed by Iran.
“The countries of the region can be divided into two groups: one that aims to promote their foreign interests by supporting Islamists and whose foreign policy is guided by opposition to the rise of Islamists,” wrote the specialist in Middle East, Hassan Hassan. Qatar, in Hassan’s scheme, falls in the old field, while the Saudis and Emirates are in the final.
The Qatari Ministry of Foreign Affairs called the measures “unjustified” in a statement and said the decision to limit the links violated the country’s sovereignty and “on the basis of allegations and allegations that have no basis in fact.”
Saudi Arabia and, to a lesser extent, U.A.E. We also support various rebel groups and Islamist factions in conflicts in the Middle East. However, the two countries opposed political Islam in places like Egypt, the defense of current President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, who came to power in a coup in 2014 that overthrew Muslim Brotherhoods in power, and was followed by a Fierce and bloody repression against the Islamists. The government of Yemen, which is almost entirely supported by Riyadh, supported by the leadership of the Emirates in eastern Libya and the Indian Ocean islands in the Maldives – whose President seems increasingly to a client Arabia – All linked to the rupture of relations with Qatar.
The U.A.E. In particular, it hampered Qatar’s continued role in supporting Islamists in Libya and elsewhere, and seems to have contributed to the isolation of Qatar.